Is Time Ticking? Time limits in Family Law Matters
When two parties decide to separate, it is important to keep in mind that time is of the essence.
The Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) and the associated court rules both require strict adherence to certain time limitations, all of which are important for parties to a relationship breakdown to be aware of.
In order to apply for a divorce, the parties involved must have been separated for a period of no less than twelve months. This does not, however, mean that you and your ex-spouse must have been living separately for the entire period prior to making an application. It is possible for parties to separate, but remain living under the same roof.
Property proceedings (including Spousal Maintenance)
Any application for property orders must be filed within twelve months of the date that the divorce order takes effect (this being one month after the divorce is granted). If the parties are not yet divorced, there is no time limit on filing an application for property matters arising out of a marriage breakdown.
Any application for property orders made by de-facto couples must be filed within two years of separation. The parties must establish the date of separation, and if there is any dispute as to the date of separation (for married or de-facto couples alike), the Family Court will consider evidence made available by the parties, as well as any other independent evidence.
In light of the above, it is important to note that parties can request leave of the Family Court to file an application out of time (particularly if there are extenuating circumstances which would justify a late application). Section 44(6) of the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) provides that leave may be granted, if the court is satisfied that:
a) hardship would be caused to the party or a child if leave were not granted; or
b) in the case of an application for spousal maintenance, the party's circumstances at the end of the standard application period were such that they would have been unable to support themselves without an income tested pension, allowance or benefit.
Seeking leave can be a tedious and costly process, making it imperative that parties endeavour to file in the requisite time.
In relation to parenting matters, irrespective of whether the parties were married, living as a de-facto couple or otherwise, the Family Court does not impose a time limit for the filing of an application. Generally speaking, parenting proceedings can only be initiated for children under 18 years of age.
In order to commence parenting proceedings, the Family Court requires that parties first attend dispute resolution (unless an exemption applies). If an exemption does not apply, and the parties attend the dispute resolution event but it is ultimately unsuccessful, the parties will be issued with a Section 60I certificate.
Once this certificate is obtained, the parties are permitted to commence Family Court proceedings.
If you have a query relating to any of the information in this article, or you require any specific advice in relation to these, or any other family law matters, please don't hesitate to get in touch with one of Coleman Greig's Accredited Family Law Specialists.